High-throughput phenotyping by RGB and multispectral imaging analysis of genotypes in sweet corn

Marina Freitas e Silva, Gabriel Mascarenhas Maciel, Rodrigo Bezerra de Araujo Gallis, Ricardo Luís Barbosa, Vinicius Quintão Carneiro, Wender Santos Rezende, Ana Carolina Silva Siquieroli


Sweet corn (Zea mays L. subsp. saccharata) is mainly intended for industrial processing. Optimizing time and costs during plant breeding is fundamental. An alternative is the use of high-throughput phenotyping (HTP) indirect associated with agronomic traits and chlorophyll contents. This study aimed to (i) verify whether HTP by digital images is useful for screening sweet corn genotypes and (ii) investigate the correlations between the traits evaluated by conventional methods and those obtained from images. Ten traits were evaluated in seven S3 populations of sweet corn and in two commercial hybrids – three traits by classical phenotyping and the others by HTP based on RGB and multispectral imaging analysis. The data were submitted to the analyses of variance and Scott-Knott test. In addition, a phenotypic correlation graph was plotted. The hybrids were more productive than the S3 populations, showing an efficient evaluation. The traits extracted using HTP and classical phenotyping showed a high degree of association. HTP was efficient in identifying sweet corn genotypes with higher and lower yield. The VCA, NDVI and VARI indices were strongly associated with grain yield.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/hb.v40i1.2298


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